a. NATO was formed in April 1949.
b. It was a military alliance formed by the Western Alliance led by the US.
c. It was an association between them that claimed that any attack on any one of them would be recorded as an attack on all of them.
d. Each of the states was obliged to help the other.
Eastern alliance was formed in 1955. It was an Alliance formed by the Eastern Alliance led by the Soviet Union. Its main objective of to counter NATO's forces in Europe. It was called the Warsaw Pact.
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