Answer :

I have collected the following information on courts:


1) The judicial authority is split between courts at district, state and national level. However, this does not mean that every state has its own court.


2) At the district level, there are criminal, civil, revenue courts and lok Adalats. Each of these has a hierarchy of courts beneath them, which move from district level to the level of the taluk. They all, however, are under the High Court.


3) The High Court is located in most state capitals. However, not all states have their own courts. Punjab and Haryana share a high court, and all north eastern states have a common high court at Guwahati.


4) The Supreme court is at the apex, and is presided over by Chief justice and 30 other judges. It has appellate authority, functions as court of record, provides advice and also protects the fundamental rights of the citizen. It also interprets the constitution and issues special writs.


5) The legal process of India is very tedious and expensive. Hence the government provides for legal aids and funds to cases, especially at the High Court and Supreme court level. Several other NGOs also provide funding to the parties, who are seeking justice while dealing with crippling poverty.


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