1. Unscrupulous – without principles
Note: The word unscrupulous is used to refer to someone who has no moral principles when it comes to doing something mischievous or harmful. In the text, the author has used the word unscrupulous to describe the mosquito as an ‘unscrupulous enemy’, because he follows no principles when it comes to attacking its prey.
2. Notorious – well-known for a bad deed
Note: the word notorious is antonymous to ‘famous’ which means being well known for a good deed. In the text, the author has described the bee as being notorious for her angry nature, and the fact that she can sting any individual when someone else has angered her either by touching or hitting her, or by attempting to destroy its comb.
3. Infallible – incapable of making mistakes
Note: the word infallible is antonymous to ‘fallible’. It refers to someone or something that has no chance of going wrong or making mistakes. The author has used the word in the context of a wasp sitting on one’s neck, and the manner in which it stinging the person can be avoided if the person can remain absolutely still. This would be an ‘infallible’ tactic for remaining safe.
4. Spectacle – impressive sight
Note: a spectacle is something that is very impressive and amazing to witness before the eye. The author has used the word to describe the world as it seems to little children – grand and spectacular just like Noah’s ark, with so many creatures and their activities.
5. Dilapidated – falling to pieces
The word ‘dilapidated’ is used to refer to anything that is ruined or is falling to pieces. The author compares the world as it seems to adults by using the word dilapidated to paint a picture of the ruined wrecked world which is nothing more than a run-down machine or a stuffy room to them with irritating creatures.
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