(i) Vitamin A – (c) Xerophthalmia , (f) Night blindness
Vitamin A plays an important role in our vision. Deficiency of vitamin A leads to various disorders like xerophthalmia which is a medical condition where eyes fail to produce tears and it can develop into night blindness which can damage the cornea.
(ii) Vitamin B1 – (g) Beri Beri
Beri Beri is a deficiency disease which is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin B1. It is a condition which features problems related to the peripheral nerves and it can even lead to paralysis.
(iii) Vitamin B12 – (a) Pernicious anaemia
Pernicious anaemia is a deficiency disease caused due to the deficiency of vitamin B12. It is a condition where the body cannot produce enough red blood cells due to the absence of vitamin B12. As a result of which, due to the lack of oxygen, we feel tired and get fatigued easily.
(iv) Vitamin C – (h) Bleeding gums
Bleeding gums are caused due to the absence of vitamin C in our diet. The condition is known as scurvy. Along with swollen and bleeding gums, it can also lead to loss of teeth.
(v) Vitamin D – (i) Osteomalacia , (d) Rickets
The deficiency of vitamin D leads to muscle weakness and bone pain. The softening of bones, due to the deficiency of calcium and phosphorus in our body leads to a condition known as osteomalacia or rickets.
(vi) Vitamin E – (e) Muscular weakness
Deficiency of vitamin E leads to problems related to nervous system along with disorientation and vision problems with muscular weakness.
(vii) Vitamin K – (b) Increased blood clotting time
Vitamin K plays a very important role in helping the blood clot during any injury and prevents excess blood loss and its deficiency leads to increase in the time required for blood to clot.
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