Answer :

1. Economic liberalization: restriction on foreign import taxes


EXPLANATION: Economies were liberalized by making the imports more freer to move inside India. It was thus done by restricting the tax on imports of foreign goods and services. This was a part of simplification and liberalization of the trade policy of India under the economic liberalization policy in the1990s.


2. Arbitrary dismissal: of state governments by the national governments.


EXPLANATION: the state governments were dismissed by the central governments as in the case of Janta Party and Congress. When Janta party came into power at the Centre, it dismissed the Congress in the nine states where it won elections. The same was done by the Congress to Janta party after it came to power. This type of practice weakened the federal system as it involved the arbitrary use of power by the central government.


3. Ethnic cleansing: people who are different from themselves


EXPLANATION: Ethnic cleansing means forceful removal of an ethnic group or minority tribe from a particular territory of a more powerful ethnic group. The types of forces used may be are genocide, rapes, forced migration, intimidation. The objective is to make the territory free of people belonging to a different ethnic group and making it a homogeneous place.


4. Federal principle: greater autonomy for state governments


EXPLANATION: India is a federal country. Being a federal country means decentralization of power by providing more powers to the state governments. There is sharing of powers between the Centre and the state. There is no central authority which holds complete power therefore lesser chances of suppression of the state governments.


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