Q. 3

Match the following:

Column A

1. Balaji Rao Persia

2. Nadir Shah Ashtapradhan

3. Nyayadhish King of Afganistan

4. Ahmad Shah Abdali Forward policy

Column B

i) Persia

ii) Ashtapradhan

iii) King of Afganistan

iv) Forward policy

Answer :

1. Balaji Rao Forward policy

2. Nadir Shah Persia


3. Nyayadhish Ashtapradhan


4. Ahmad Shah Abdali King of Afganistan


Explanation: 1 – Peshwa Balaji Rao, son of Balaji Vishwanath, became the second Peshwa. He came to be known as the “greatest of the Peshwa.” He was the one who believed that the Maratha Empire should be expanded further in the north. Thus, he followed this policy which came to be known as the forward policy.


2 – Nadir Shah was the greatest warrior of Persia who rose to power because of his abilities. He showed his interest in the wealth of India and wanted to attain name and fame by conquering the territories.


3 – Shivaji introduced a new administrative system for the smooth functioning of the government, which came to be known as Ashtapradhan mandal. He appointed 8 councils of ministers and Nyaydish is the Chief Justice in the Ashtapradhan mandal. He was in charge of the civil and criminal cases.


4 – After the death of the Nadir Shah, Ahmad Shah Abdali became the King of Afghanistan. He was the head of the Abdali tribe of the Afghans.


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