Answer :

1. Meteorology –study of weather


Explanation: It is the branch of atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics with a major focus on weather forecasting or prediction. The word is derived from a Greek word which means “the study of the things high in the air”.


2. Climatology-study of climate


Explanation: Climatology is the scientific study of climate averaged over a period of time. It is also known as climate science. It studies the weather patterns and the systems that cause them.


It is different from meteorology as it examines long-term patterns and trends as compared to that of short time period observed by meteorologists.


3. Anemometer- wind speed


Explanation: Anemometer is an instrument or a device used for measuring the speed of the wind or of any current of gas. It is also a common weather station instrument. It is used in meteorology. It is also called wind speed meter or wind meter.


4. Wind Vane-direction of the wind


Explanation: Also known as weather vane or weathercock, it is an instrument which shows the direction of the wind. It is placed at the top or at the highest point of a building. The direction in which the arrow is pointing indicates the direction from which the wind is blowing.


5. Mare’s tail-cirrus


Explanation: Cirrus clouds are called mare's tail because during sunset they look colorful and very beautiful. These clouds resemble a horse's tail due to their long thread-like patterns. These clouds are composed of tiny ice particles.


6. Leeward side-rain shadow region


Explanation: the rain shadow region is a dry area on the leeward side of the mountainous region which receives less rainfall than the region windward of the mountains. The mountains block the passage of the winds and cast a shadow of dryness behind them.


7. Willy Willy-Australia


Explanation: Willy Willy is the name of a tropical cyclone or a wind whirl in Australia. There are different names by which a cyclone is called in different regions for example cyclones in the Middle East and typhoons in Eastern Asia.


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