Q. 65.0( 1 Vote )
Match the conditi
(a) – (v)
Explanation: Hypothyroidism i.e. undersecretion of thyroxine causes cretinism in children whose symptoms are dwarfism and mental retardation.
(b) – (iii)
Explanation: Excess of glucose in the blood causes a condition called Diabetes mellitus which is caused due to undersecretion of insulin from the pancreas.
(c) – (i)
Explanation: Shortage of glucose in the blood causes insulin shock due to oversecretion of insulin from the pancreas. The patient becomes unconscious.
(d) – (ii)
Explanation: Oversecretion of growth hormones from the pituitary in childhood causes gigantism where long bones grow very long causing an abnormal increase of height of the person.
(e) – (vi)
Explanation: Oversecretion of cortical hormones or overgrowth of adrenal cortex causes enlargement of breasts in an adult male.
(f) - (iv)
Explanation: Oversecretion of thyroxine from thyroid gland causes exophthalmic goitre where a person will have increased metabolic rate, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, protruded eyes etc.
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