Q. 43.9( 230 Votes )
Make two lists: one with the main events and the effects of the February Revolution and the other with the main events and effects of the October Revolution. Write a paragraph on who was involved in each, who were the leaders and what the impact of each was on Soviet history.
A. List of the February Revolution-Events and Effects:
(a) In February 1917, there was a huge food shortage for the workers.
(b) The Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II dismissed the Duma without consulting the parliamentarians.
(c) On 22nd February, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank of River Neva.
(d) On 23rd February 1917, workers in fifty factories called a strike in sympathy with the factory workers of the River Neva.
(e) In many factories, women led the way to strikes. This came to be called the International Women's Day.
The February Revolution resulted in the abdication of the Tsarist rule, and a Provisional Government of Russia was formed by the Soviet and Duma leaders.
B. Events and Effects of Revolution of October 1917:
(a) As the conflict between the Provisional Government and the Bolsheviks grew, Lenin feared the Provisional Government would set up a dictatorship.
(b) In September 1917, Lenin started discussions for an uprising against the government. Bolshevik supporters in the arm Soviets and factories were brought together.
(c) On 16th October 1917, Lenin persuades the Petrograd Soviet and the Bolshevik Party to agree to a socialist seizure of power. A Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviet under Leon Trotsky to organize the seizure. The date of the event was kept a secret.
(d) The uprising began on 24th October sensing trouble, Prime Minister Kerensky had left the city to summon troops which later seize the government offices and arrest ministers.
(e) In the years that followed, the Bolsheviks became the only party to participate in the elections to the All Russian Congress of Soviet which became the Parliament of the country.
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Make two lists: one with the main events and the effects of the February Revolution and the other with the main events and effects of the October Revolution. Write a paragraph on who was involved in each, who were the leaders and what the impact of each was on Soviet history.NCERT History - India and the Contemporary World-I