Answer :

The conventional sources of energy are as follows:


Fossil fuels such as Coal, Petroleum, Diesel and Natural gas.


The non-conventional sources of energy are: Wind Energy, Solar energy, Ocean Energy and Nuclear Energy.


The process which is used to harness the nuclear energy is: Nuclear fission reaction and Nuclear Fusion Reactions


Nuclear fission reactions are the reactions where the nucleus of heavy atoms is bombarded with the low energy neutrons and can be split it into lighter nuclei. A huge amount of energy is produced during nuclear fission reaction. It produces 10 million times the energy produced during the combustion of carbon from coal. The energy released during the nuclear fission reaction produces steam and therefore, helps in generating electricity.


Nuclear fusion reactions are the reactions in which lighter nuclei are combined together to form heavy nuclei which results in tremendous amount of energy.


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