Mahatma Gandhi used ‘Salt as a powerful symbol to unite the nation’. This statement can be justified below:
● On January 31, 1930, Mahatma Gandhi sent a letter to Viceroy Irwin stating 11 demands.
● Some of these were of general interest and others were specific demands of different classes ranging from industrialists to peasants.
● The idea was to make the demands wide-ranging so that all the classes within the Indian society could come under a unified campaign.
● The most steering demand was to abolish the salt tax.
● Salt was an essential item of food and was consumed by both the rich and the poor.
● The government had a monopoly over its production and had levied a tax on it.
● His letter was an ultimatum that stated that if the demands were not fulfilled by 11 March, Congress would launch a full civil disobedience campaign.
● Since his demand was not fulfilled by Irwin, Mahatma Gandhi started his famous salt march with 78 volunteers.
● The march was over 240 miles from Gandhiji's ashram in Sabarmati to the Gujarati coastal town of Dandi.
● On 6 April he reached Dandi and violated the law by manufacturing salt from boiling water.
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