Q. 3 A5.0( 1 Vote )

Activities :

List the structural mitigation measures and collect picture related to it.

Answer :

Structural measures

This refers to the physical construction to reduce or avoid possible impacts of the hazards. It involves the application of the engineering techniques to achieve hazard resistance and resilience in structure and system.

The structural measures include the construction of:

• Embankments and strengthening of the embankments.

It is the embankment dam in Japan. Tata ragi Dam, these types of dams are constructed to prevent the rise in the water level in the area, which is popularly known as a flood.

• Designing the electric system efficiently so that it will withstand in the winter and heavy rainy seasons

It is very much essential for ensuring the well functioning electric system. If the storm and heavy rain are being affected in the area then any short circuit will lead to heavy damage than anything else.

• Enforcing the strict building codes



The construction of building with strict norms and code by the government will be strong to face the heavy earthquake.

• Seismic resistant building


It is the building which is designed by the Japan which is strong enough to face the wild earthquake. The strings are being attached by the fibre.

• Construction of houses and buildings away from hazardous areas.

Avoid construction of houses and building where is high harm for the life. There are places where the landslide are very high like slope areas. Construction of buildings in that area will lead to heavy disaster.

• Building community shelters and relief centres at hazard prone area.

The community shelter should be such that it is reachable for everyone while the disaster and the shelter home should such that it should not be affected by the disaster.


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