Answer :

The term ‘Fascism’ means 'a tied bundle of rods, with a protruding axe'. It is derived from the Latin word 'faces'. Fascism emerged as a symbol of power and collectivism in Ancient Rome. After the First World War, European governments lost their power and prestige which affected the people of the colonies. It resulted in Unemployment, poverty and inflation which disturbed the entire system. To improve the political and economic chaos, Fascism prevailed in Italy. Gradually, they were able to acquire power because of Economic destruction, opposition against the victors, aimlessness, etc.

The various features of the Fascism are –


• Opposition for democracy.


• Fascism was against Socialism.


• Development of Nation was considered to be important.


• The purity of race was maintained.


• The cause of the war was justified.


• The widespread of Aggressive nationalism.


• Glorified their past.


• People were instructed about their ideologies through arts, literature and education.


• Military dictatorship.


• Political enemies should be destroyed.


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