Q. 285.0( 1 Vote )
Land degradation caused by human made processes are more harmful than natural
processes in India. This statement is explained below:
a. Land Degradation refers to a temporary or a permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land.
b. The main causes of land degradation in India soil erosion, alkalization of land, salinization and waterlogging.
c. The use of land has been continuously increasing without making any dedicated efforts in maintaining its fertility.
d. Other causes of Land Degradation are deforestation, overgrazing, mining, and quarrying.
e. 5.8 percent of the total geographical area has been degraded due to man-made activities.
f. These activities include shifting cultivation degraded area, degraded forest, degraded land under plantation crops and industrial wasteland.
g. Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh have been severely degraded due to mining.
h. The land in Gujarat, maharashtra, madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan is degraded due to overgrazing.
Noise pollution has become hazardous in many big cities of India in the given manner:
a. Noise pollution is a big Hazard in the metropolitan cities of India.
b. With the increase in population and migration from the nearby rural areas has led to an increase in the volume of traffic and passengers.
c. Rapid industrialization around the residential cities has increased pollution.
d. Small and cottage industries are set up in the areas near the market.
e. New construction activities have increased to accommodate the increasing population in large cities.
f. The number of private vehicles such as cars has increased which has lead to traffic jams. The peak hours of morning and evening when the people come and go from the office are extremely chaotic.
g. Religious activities, political rallies, and social functions create a noise pollution in the late hours of the day.
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