1. Any legal change must be carefully looked at, in order to analyze the results it will have on politics as sometimes the results might prove to be undesirable. For example- many states have banned people having more than two children from contesting the panchayat elections. This has gradually resulted in a denial of democratic opportunity to many poor and women, which was not intended.
2. Usually, laws that seek to ban something are not very successful in politics. Instead, the best laws are those which empower people to carry out political reforms. For example- The Right to Information has since the very beginning played an important role of being a watchdog of the democratic setup.
3. Democratic reforms are to be brought principally through political practice and a greater level of participation. Therefore, the main focus of political reforms should be on ways to strengthen democratic practices.
4. In addition to this, any proposal for political reform should not only think about what is a good solution but also about who will implement it and how.
NOTE – A legal change i.e. a law is not the only requirement to overcome the challenges posed by democracy. Active public participation is very important for the smooth functioning of the society as a whole. People are required to act as responsible citizens of a country.
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