Q. 45.0( 2 Votes )
Is water scarcity always associated with regions of low rainfall or those that are drought-prone? Comment on the statements.
Water scarcity may be an outcome of a large and growing population and resulting in greater demands for water, and unequal access to it. A large population means more water not only for domestic use but also to produce more food. Hence, to facilitate higher food-grain production, water resources are being over-exploited to expand irrigated areas and dry-season agriculture. After independence, India has witnessed the major intensive urbanization and industrialization, for creating major employment opportunities. The ever-increasing number of industries has made matters worse by exerting pressure on existing freshwater resources. Industries, apart from being heavy users of water, also require power to run them. Much of this energy comes from hydroelectric power.
The water scarcity is not only the problem of low rainfall areas it is also a problem of the heavy rainfall areas. Chirapunji is the place which is famous for the highest rainfall in the country is 55km away from Meghalaya even then the area faces the water scarcity. This scarcity is because of the lack of a storage facility. When the fresh water storage facility is not available in the area then the area faces the water scarcity even then the area has the highest rainfall. But in low rainfall areas, there will be less water scarcity this is because of the efficient management of the water and rainwater harvesting. Therefore the water not only depends on the rainwater but also efficient management and storage of the water in the specified areas.
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