Q. 24.4( 17 Votes )

Is it possible that an area or region may have ample water but is still facing water scarcity? Explain with the help of three relevant examples. (CBSE 2013)

Answer :

Water shortage is a common problem in India. It prevails in different regions of the country. This can be understood by the following:

1. The metropolitan cities face acute shortage of water due to the large population accompanied by low water and unequal access to water. The increased population implies a larger water requirement for the domestic purpose

2. Setting up of MNCs on a large scale has led to increasing demand for water and cheap source of power for running these machines.

3. The bad quality of water has resulted in water scarcity due to pollution of water bodies by discharging urban waste, industrial effluents, pesticides, and fertilizers from agricultural fields rating it unfit for human consumption

4. Most farmers have their own wells and tube wells in their farms for irrigation to increase their production. But it may lead to falling groundwater levels, adversely affecting water availability

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