Q. 7 B5.0( 2 Votes )

Answer the following in detail:

Indicate how the industries and crafts of the Sangam Age contribute to their economy.

Answer :

The Sangam Age is important and unique because of its social, economic, religious and cultural features. There was an integrated development during this period. The Sangam literature and the archaeological findings reveal the developments in the economy of the period.

It is important to note that the Tamil society was not organized on the basis of the Vedic caste.

The economy of Sangam age

1) Weaving and spinning were the most significant crafts of the Sangam period which contributed to the economy.

2) Uraiyur and Madurai were the chief centers for the manufacture of cotton fabrics.

3) The weavers created and fine cotton clothes were sold overseas.

4) The word Kalingam refers to very nice garments during the Sangam age.

5) The Sangam literature demotes to clothes, which were thinner than steam.

6) Silk clothes were also produced in the Tamil country.

7) Other craftsmen like the carpenter, blacksmith, goldsmith, and potter had done their respective occupations.

8) Fishing and hunting were also important occupation and played their role in the economy during this period.


The beginning of the Sangam Age

• The barter system of trade was followed.

• People exchanged their merchandise with their neighbors.

• For example, the people of Kurinji region exchanged honey with the people of Neydal region for attainment fish and salt.

• The Mullai people gave their milk products to Marudham people to acquire rice from them.

Later stage of Sangam period

• They began to use coins, trade picked up rapidly.

• Local markets came up and they were known as Angadis.

• Day Market (Nalangadi) and Evening Bazaar (Allangadi) existed in port towns.

• The Pattinappalai refers to their subsistence at Puhar.

• Goods from far-away places were brought to these markets.

• The growth of trade led to the growth of towns.

• Export of goods to other countries had increased.

• People started learning new crafts and ventured into new occupations like carpentry, fishing, blacksmiths, ship building etc.

Thus export of the finished goods to other countries helped the economy of that time. Based on the archaeological findings, it was exposed that Sangam Age people’s industries and trade of handicrafts helped the economy and accelerated it.

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