India is a land of linguistic diversity as there are 179 languages and 544 dialects spoken in India, according to the linguistic survey of India from 1903 to 1928. There are 18 scheduled languages in modern India and some scheduled languages. The highest percentage of language spoken is Hindi(40.42%) and lowest percentage is of Sanskrit and Kashmiri(about 0.04%). In India the linguistic regions are not confined only to their own boundaries but merge and overlap with other region's boundary.
The three characteristics each of rural and urban composition of population in India:
• The rural-urban composition is depended upon the lifestyle of people. People living in urban areas have better access to quality education and healthcare.
• It is depended on the sex ratio. In Asia, the females are more in rural areas and males are more in urban areas. Whereas in western countries more females are in urban areas and more males are in rural areas.
• It is also depended upon the occupational structure. In rural areas people are more engaged in primary sector whereas, in urban areas people are more engaged in secondary and tertiary activities. People often migrate from rural to urban areas in hopes of better employment opportunities.
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