Q. 235.0( 1 Vote )
‘India has suppor
India is the second most populous country in the world and the world’s largest democracy. India has always had an amiable relationship with the United Nations and has participated in almost all its’ initiatives. It has maintained a long and substantial role in the UNs’ peace keeping missions. As India emerged as a leading economic power in recent times, its standing with the UN has increased. India has several reasons for supporting the restructuring of the UN on several grounds.
• India is of the belief that a restructured UN would be revitalized and strengthened which is a desirable character for an institution like the UN in this changing world.
• India believes that the UN should have an enhanced role in promoting development and cooperation among different nations which is only possible with restructuring the present form of UN. According to India, by making development as the central agenda, the UN would be able to maintain international peace and security.
• The representation of nations is skewed between the UN General Assembly and the Security Council. While the membership for the Assembly has increased over time, the same has remained static for the Council. The Assembly members are also mostly developing countries. Therefore, India has argued for the restructuring of the UN as it would allow the developing countries to have a more decisive role in the actions of the Security Council.
One of the biggest reasons behind India’s support of the restructuring of the UN is its want for permanent membership on the Council. It would not only have symbolic importance but also be influential while conducting foreign policies.
The European Union was formed in 1992 in order to provide for the creation of a single currency, a common foreign and security policy for its members, and for cooperation on justice and home affairs. Over time, it has evolved into a political organisation instead of a simple economic one. This has given it an economic, political and diplomatic, and military influence in world affairs.
• Economic influence – The EU is the world’s biggest economy with a world trade share that is three times larger than the US. The dominance of the US Dollar has been threatened by the Euro over time. It has also an important role in the World Trade Organisation. Its economic influence also extends over neighbouring countries of Africa and Asia.
• Political and diplomatic influence – prior to Brexit, EU had two members Britain and France as permanent members on the UN Security Council along with several non-permanent members and were able to influence the UN policies. Its political and diplomatic influence has been brought to the forefront in its dealings with China. It has shown that economic investments and diplomatic negotiations are better than outright coercion while dealing with China on the topics of environmental degradation and human rights.
• Military influence – The European Union has the second largest combined armed forces in the world with total military expenditure only behind the United States. Along with a capable military, both Britain and France are nuclear armed. It is also the second most important source for technology with respect to space and communication.
All the above points prove beyond doubt that even with smaller geographical coverage and population, the European Union is indeed an influential organisation.
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