Q. 74.5( 4 Votes )

In what ways was the Emergency period a set back to the Indian democracy?

Answer :

A series of events culminated in the imposition of emergency. The economic position of the country was very unstable. Inflation, scarcity of food and high unemployment brought general discontentment among the large section of the population. The promises made by Indira Gandhi were not met. As a result, the opposition under the leadership of Jay Prakash Narayan started a campaign against the Congress. This movement fumbled the position of Indira Gandhi. She reacted very harshly and imposed emergency on the Indian state in 1971.

The political mood of the country began to change.

• The government adopted a series of repressive measures to bring back law and order of the country.

• There was a violation of human rights, and the fundamental rights were suspended.

• There were instances of arbitrary detention and torture.

• A large number of political leaders who opposed Indira were put in jail.

• Press censorship and forced sterilization brought discontent among the people of the country.

• Most importantly, the 42nd constitutional amendment which brought a series of changes weakened the democratic fabric of the country.

Thus, the emergency was no less than a setback to the Indian democracy. In the absence of civil liberties, people were nothing but helpless. This period marks a stain in the Indian political history as power was used indiscriminately to fulfill personal motives. Huge crimes were committed by state leaders in the name of emergency.

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