Answer :

(a) Similarities: (i) In both plant and human, the fusion of gametes occurs in the female part.

(ii) The male gamete moves towards the female gamete.


(iii) Zygote is formed after the fertilisation which develops into an embryo.


Differences: (i) In plant, pollination bring male and female gametes together whereas in humans this is done by the process of copulation.


(ii) There is no equivalent in a plant to the oviducts in a human.


(iii) In a human, the male gametes(sperms) swim but in a plant self -fertilisation is possible.


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