Q. 343.8( 18 Votes )

‘In spite of the

Answer :

The health system of India has been improved over the past years in India. Following may be the reasons for Indian Health System is an ailing system:

1. Low Public Expenditure: The percentage of GDP in health system in India is slow. It stood 4.7% of the total GDP in the year 2014-15. This is low as compared to other countries, both developed and developing.

2. Lack of proper medical infrastructure: People in rural areas are deprived of proper medical infrastructure and facilities. Nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas which have only 20% of the hospitals of the country.

3. Women and child issues: In rural area, woman gets married at an early age and have iron deficiency, which is the reason behind maternal deaths. Another reason behind this is malnutrition among children and inadequate supply of vaccines, irregular checkups and inadequate bed per patient and doctor per patient ratio is also a challenge.


The period 1990-2012 marks a great importance in Indian history. With the introduction of economic reforms in India, it has changed the picture of India. Economic reforms have played a crucial role in increasing the GDP of the India.

The above graph depicts that GDP of the nation has shown a significant rise whereas the employment has certain ups and downs.

GDP growth rate has increased from 3.4% in 1991 to 7.85 in 2012. However, the employment growth rate has depicted declining trends from 1.5% in 1991 to 1.12% in 2012. Employment was at peak in the year 1999-2005 since independence i.e 2.28% p.a with the corresponding GDP growth rate at a 6.1%p.a.

There is a huge gap between the 2 variables in the year 2005-10. After independence in the year 1951-56 employment rate was low i.e 0.28%.

Conclusion: From the period 1990-2012 was a great struggle period for India. India faced many ups and downs in both the variables.

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