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Social division refers to the different pattern of divisions and segregations in the society as a result of the formation of social groupings and social inequalities. Mostly they are the product of social differences. But every social difference does not lead to social division. Even though social differences divide similar people from one another, they can also unite very different people. In reality, the people belonging to different social groups might share similar differences and similarities irrespective of the group or community in which they belong to. Thus, this segregation might not always result in social divisions.
Social division takes place when some social difference overlaps and become conflicting with other differences of different communities. It occurs when one group always become discriminated and pushed to the corner. This creates a situation of injustice where everyone is not treated equally. It exists in most ever countries. The existence of social divisions can result in disastrous results including conflict, violence or even disintegration of a country. This has happened in many countries.
But the expression of the social division will not always have in conflicting results. It is normal for the existing social divisions to be expressed in politics. Mostly they are utilized by the political parties to expand their vote banks. The expression of social division also allows the marginalized sections to express their grievances and conflicts. This can be brought to the government’s attention to get fair solutions. This gives adequate strength and power to the marginalized social groups to fight against such injustices. This strengthens the democratic structure and functioning in the country.
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