Answer :

Landsides are a major natural disaster in India, causing massive damage to life and property in the country. The following areas are most prone to landslides:

• Very Highly Vulnerable areas: Himalayas, young mountains of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, high rainfall areas in Nilgiris and Western Ghats.


• Highly Vulnerable areas: Himalayan states and north-east India.


• Moderate to Low Vulnerable areas: Aravalis, Ladakh region of Himalayas, rain shadow areas of the Ghats.


Mitigation:


• Restriction on developmental activities viz. construction of roads, dams etc.


• Limiting agriculture to valleys.


• Promoting afforestation of slopes


• Terrace farming should replace shifting cultivation in north-eastern Himalayas.


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