Answer :

The benefits of organic farming are as follows:

It uses green manure and compost and biological pest control which helps in sustaining soil quality and cascades the harmful effects of chemical fertilisers and pesticides.

It helps in maintaining ecological balance.

The cost of input is lower as compared to earlier chemicals and seeds which ensures good return on investment.

High demand from organic crops opens avenues for international trade and greater income.

Food generated from organically cultivated crops have more nutritional value, thus, it provides healthy food.

It is more labour intensive which creates more employment opportunities.

The limitations of organic farming are as follows:

In initial years, the yield from organic farming is lesser than modern agriculture; hence, it will be difficult for small and marginal farmers to adopt this practice.

Shelf life of the organic produce is also lower.

Lack of proper infrastructure and storage discourages organic farming as products gets damaged and wasted.

It will take time to be a more popular method of farming since, it requires awareness and willingness on behalf of farmers to adopt new technology.

Choice in production of off-season crops is limited in organic farming.

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