Q. 15.0( 5 Votes )

(i) Choose an iss

Answer :

Bhopal Gas Tragedy


Facts of the case:


• The tragedy happened during the midnight of 2-3 December 1984.


• It happened at Union Carbide India Limited.


• An estimated 40 tonnes of Methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas was leaked from the plant.


• Official records sate that the Bhopal gas tragedy has killed 3,787 people.


• Others estimate around 5,50,000 injuries or permanently disabling injuries .


My arguments:


• The tragedy could have been caused due to negligence.


• It could have been caused due to sabotage.


• Delay in diagnosis and treatment at the hospital could have spiked the death rate. This could have been due to ignorance about industrial disasters.


• The public could have delayed going to the hospital until the last minute.


A possible settlement:


• There should be strict adherence to standards set for industries and regular inspection on the same.


• Periodic maintenance checks should be conducted on crucial industrial equipment


• Adequate security should be employed for important industrial equipment


• Hospital staff should be aware of possible industrial disasters and equipped to handle the same.


• Public awareness should be created on industrial disasters .


Narmada Dam Project


Facts of the case:


• Narmada dam project, also known as Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) is the largest structure to be built across the Narmada river.


• It is one of the 30 dams planned on the Narmada River.


• The dam is 1.2-km-long and 163 metres deep.


My arguments:


Pros


• The dam is expected to provide irrigation to farmers and drinking water supply.


• The dam will produce hydroelectricity, which will be shared between Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra


Cons


• The Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA), a social movement, led by social activist Medha Patkar, raises several environmental and social concerns due to the dam.


• Nearly 40,000 people could be displaced.


• Lower-lying villages could be submerged.


A possible settlement:


• Displaced people should be suitably relocated and rehabilitated.


• Social and environmental impact of the dam on the people and the land should be studied carefully.


• The expected benefits of the dam, like irrigation to the farmer should be planned and executed in a way that benefits the farmers.


• The electricity produced should be evacuated and distributed as planned.


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