Q. 183.9( 11 Votes )

How would you distinguish experimentally between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid?

Answer :

Alcohols can be distinguished from carboxylic acid using the sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) or sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) test. Alcohols do not react with sodium carbonate or bicarbonate, whereas acid reacts with them to release carbon dioxide.

2RCOOH + Na2CO3 2RCOONa + CO2 + H2O


Alcohol + Na2CO3 No reaction

Rate this question :

How useful is this solution?
We strive to provide quality solutions. Please rate us to serve you better.
Related Videos
Carbon And its Uniqueness26 mins
Quiz | Solve Imp. Qs. of Carbon27 mins
Know About Carbon & Its Amazing Properties33 mins
Indicators and its Types44 mins
Champ Quiz | Ecosystem and its components42 mins
Relative Motion and its study59 mins
Agriculture and its Importance35 mins
Globalisation and its Impact29 mins
Industries and its Importance37 mins
Cancer and Its Treatment42 mins
Try our Mini CourseMaster Important Topics in 7 DaysLearn from IITians, NITians, Doctors & Academic Experts
Dedicated counsellor for each student
24X7 Doubt Resolution
Daily Report Card
Detailed Performance Evaluation
view all courses