Q. 18

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Answer :

(i) Addition of water in acidic medium to propene yields propan-2-ol and not propan-1-ol. This is due to the formation of more stable intermediate 2° carbocation instead of the less stable 1° carbocation as the reaction proceeds in normal acidic condition. This is because it follows Markovnikoff’s Rule of addition.

(ii) Phenols give 2,4,6-trinitrophenol(Picric acid) when it reacts with a mixture of conc. HNO3 and H2SO4.

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