Q. 254.0( 2 Votes )

How was democracy established in Nepal?

Answer :

Nepal witnessed an extraordinary popular movement aimed at restoring democracy in April 2006. Although the king formally remained the head of the state, the real power was exercised by popularly elected representatives. King Birendra, who has accepted this transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy, was killed in a mysterious massacre of the royal family in 2001. King Gyanendra, the new king of Nepal, was not prepared to accept democratic rule. He took advantage of the weakness and unpopularity of the democratically elected government. In February 2005, the king dismissed the then Prime Minister and dissolved the popularly elected Parliament.


All the major political parties in the parliament formed a Seven Party Alliance (SPA) and called for a four-day strike in Kathmandu, the country’s capital. The security forces found themselves unable to take on more than a lakh people who gathered almost every day to demand the restoration of democracy. The leaders of the movement rejected the half-hearted concessions made by the king. They stuck to their demands for the restoration of parliament, the power to an all-party government and a new constituent assembly. On 24 April 2006, the last day of the ultimatum, the king was forced to concede all the three demands. The restored parliament met and passed laws taking away most of the powers of the king.


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