Q. 34.4( 60 Votes )

How is Mukesh’s attitude to his situation different from that of his family?

Answer :

Mukesh’s attitude is that of hopes and wishes, unlike his family, who have come to accept their fate. He dreams of becoming a motor mechanic one day, whereas years of poverty and struggle killed others’ ability to dream.


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RELATED QUESTIONS :

Although this text speaks of factual events and situations of misery it transforms these situations with an almost poetical prose into a literary experience. How does it do so? Here are some literary devices:

• Hyperbole is a way of speaking or writing that makes something sound better or more exciting than it really is.


For example Garbage to them is gold.


• A Metaphor, as you may know, compares two things or ideas that are not very similar. A metaphor describes a thing in terms of a single quality or feature of some other thing; we can say that a metaphor “transfers” a quality of one thing to another. For example The road was a ribbon of light.


• A simile is a word or phrase that compares one thing with another using the words “like” or “as”. For example: As white as snow.


Carefully read the following phrases and sentences taken from the text. Can you identify the literary device in each example?


(a) Saheb-e-Alam which means the lord of the universe is directly in contrast to what Saheb is in reality.


(b) Drowned in an air of desolation.


(c) Seemapuri, a place on the periphery of Delhi yet miles away from it, metaphorically.


(d) For the children it is wrapped in wonder; for the elders, it is a means of survival.


(e) As her hands move mechanically like the tongs of a machine, I wonder if she knows the sanctity of the bangles she helps make.


(f) She still has bangles on her wrist, but not light in her eyes.


(g) Few airplanes fly over Firozabad.


(h) Web of poverty.


(i) Scrounging for gold.


(j) And survival in Seemapuri means rag-picking. Through the years, it has acquired the proportions of a fine art.


(k) The steel canister seems heavier than the plastic bag he would carry so lightly over his shoulders.

NCERT - Flamingo