Q. 154.7( 3 Votes )
(i) Organisation of people into social groups for the purpose of marriage, work and diet are known as the caste system.
(ii) The social structure of India is based upon the caste system. All societies have some kind of social inequality and some form of division of labour, but an Indian caste system is an extreme form of division of labour based on birth.
(iii) Although in most societies, occupations are passed on from one generation to another, in India, it is different from other societies as in this system hereditary occupational division was sanctioned by rituals.
(iv) The Indian caste system was very rigid. Members of the same caste group were supposed to form a social community that practised the same or similar occupation, married within the caste group), and did not eat with members from other caste groups.
(v) Indian caste system continues to be closely linked to economic status.
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