Q. 44.5( 19 Votes )
How has Public Distribution System helped to solve the problem of food security?
The food secured by the Government of India through Food Corporation of India is distributed via government regulated ration shops among the poorer section of the society. This is known as the Public Distribution System.
● Ration shops are now present in most localities, villages, towns and cities.
● Ration shops provide basic foodgrains and kerosene at a price lower than the market price
● Every family holding a ration card can buy the stipulated amount of these items.
● Launching of two important schemes - Antyodaya Anna Yojana and Annapurna scheme.
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Visit your area's ration shop and get the following details:
1. When does the ration shop open?
2. What are the items sold at the ration shop?
3. Compare the prices of rice and sugar from the ration shop with the prices at any other grocery shop. (For families below poverty line)
4. Find out
(a) Do you have a ration card?
(b) What has your family recently bought with this card from the ration shop?
(c) Are there any problems that they face?
(d) Why are ration shops necessary?NCERT - Economics
Read the following descriptions and answer the questions that follow:
Story of Ahmad
Ahmad is a rickshaw-puller in Bangalore. He has shifted from Jhumri Taliah along with his 3 brothers, 2 sisters and old parents. He stays in a jhuggi. The survival of all members of his family depends on his daily earnings from pulling rickshaw. However, he does not have a secured employment and his earnings fluctuate every day. During some days he gets enough earning for him to save some amount after buying all his day-to-day necessities. On other days, he barely earns enough to buy his daily necessities. However, fortunately, Ahmad has a yellow card, which is PDS Card for below poverty line people. With this card, Ahmad gets sufficient quantity of wheat, rice, sugar and kerosene oil for his daily use. He gets these essentials at half of the market price. He purchases his monthly stock during a particular day when the ration shop is opened for below poverty people. In this way, Ahmad is able to eke out his survival with less than sufficient earnings for his big family where he is the only earning member.
1. Does Ahmad have a regular income from rickshaw-pulling?
2. How does the yellow card help Ahmad run his family even with small earnings from rickshaw pulling?NCERT - Economics