Answer :

Population density is the measurement of population per unit area or per square kilometre. The climate of the area also determines the density of human settlement. Population and settlements will be much lesser in deserts and arid lands with less rainfall. The population will be higher in the coastal areas and the plains even if the climate is hot and humid because of adequate rainfall. The existence of lakes and rivers is an important feature influencing the growth of settlements. Only these regions will permit cultivation and allied activities like dairying. The landscape is an important aspect influencing the growth of human settlements. Flat, plain and fertile lands will be more densely populated as compared to hilly and rugged areas. The transportation and other facilities will be more developed in the plains leading to a higher concentration of population.


Regions rich in fertile soil and other natural resources will be densely populated than others. The rich natural resources will provide more opportunities for the people thus improving their quality of life. Areas with favourable climate tend to be densely populated as there are enough rain and heat to grow crops like Ganges plains and India. But on the other hand areas with extreme climates are sparsely populated lie the hot deserts and cold deserts.


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