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How does colonization differ from imperialism?

Answer :

The main motive of the European countries was to establish trade relations with Asian, African and Latin American nations. With their political and military power, they exploited the other nations economically. Gradually, these nations became the colonies of European countries. This process is called Colonization. To protest against this capitalist exploitation, trade unions were formed by the workers. The profit of the capitalists started decreasing due to the continuous protest by the trade unions and an increase in wages.


Colonies were considered as the source of cheap labour, raw material and the market for selling industrial products. Because of these reasons, the European countries started investing their capital in colonies. Thus, the term Imperialism refers to the flow of investment of capital to colonies. The main feature of the imperialism is to enforce political, economic and cultural dominance of one nation on another nation. With the help of their legal system, administrative measures, military force, etc, they started enforcing their supremacy over them.


Colonization differ from Imperialism in many ways-


• When European countries started imposing their supremacy over colonies, the traditional economic system was completely destroyed.


• They replaced the Administrative and judicial systems.


• They were forced to grow cash crops instead of traditional food crops.


• Their dominance led to an increase in Poverty and unemployment.


• They exploited the Natural resources.


• They also destroyed Indigenous arts, literature, language, and culture and education system.


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