The directive principles for state policy are an idea that has been borrowed from the Irish Constitution, They are a part of Section 4, Articles 36-51, of the Constitution.
a. The Directive Principles are important because they guide the state to improve the collective development of the society at large, which means empowering every section of society, both socially and economically. These are considered as duties of the state towards its citizens, and they represent the ideal form for the state, which is the welfare state.
b. There are various directive principles, and governments have tried to implement them in order to improve the condition of society. There are many examples of this, and they show that an attempt is being made to better the welfare of every citizen. There have been many attempts taken in this direction, and there are many examples.
c. One is the establishment of factory laws and minimum wages for workers, in order to ensure better working conditions and livelihoods.
- Further, there have also been efforts to improve the conditions of households and small industries, which is very empowering for a large section of society.
- Many marginalized sections of society, such as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes have been provided additional schemes to better their welfare.
- Women’s empowerment is also an effort made, by providing maternity relief. - - NREGA, the mid-day meal scheme, and public insurance are some additional efforts that have been made, and are good examples of public welfare.
- Delegation of authority to the Panchayati Raj system is another example.
All these above-mentioned examples show how directive principles, which led to the government making all these efforts, help transform a state into a welfare state. These examples show the attempts made to empower all sections of society, and the attempt to make collective development instead of only individual development important.
While there are many things lacking, such as unequal wages for different genders, the lack of uniformity in the legal treatment of social rights of different communities (such as those of marriage), all the steps that have been taken, and will be taken in the future, will ensure that India becomes a welfare state.
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