Answer :

Reasons for disintegration-

(a)Internal weakness of soviet political and economic institutions.

(b)For maintain Nuclear and Military arsenals soviet union used much of its resources .This led to huge economic burden.

(c) Corruption was uncontrolled.

(d)A large section of society began to question and raised doubt on the system

(e) Mikhail Gorbachov introduced many reforms.

(f) People became more knowledgeable about the technology.

(g)Citizens could see the backwardness of soviet system in comparison of the Western Capitalism.


Factors responsible for the beginning of cold war-

(a)End of Second World War was also the beginning of the cold war.

(b) USSR became the most powerful country.

(c)Use of the atom bombs by USA against japan after Second World War.

(d)Both the superpowers were keen on expanding their sphere.

(e)Ideological differences between two superpowers.

(f)To stop the Soviet Union for making political and military gain US made some actions.

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