Q. 105.0( 1 Vote )

How did the salt

Answer :

1. Mahatma Gandhi, in his letter to Viceroy Irwin on 31January 1930 stated eleven demands in which he had put forward a wide range of demands with a unique idea of bringing people of different classes under the common umbrella of a united campaign. Some of these demands were of general interest, while the rest were specific of different classes, from industrialists to the peasants.

2. Among these demands, the most stirring was the demand to abolish the salt tax. According to the salt law, the British enjoyed a monopoly over the production of salt and levied a tax on it. Salt was something consumed by the rich and the poor alike, and it was among the essential items of food. A tax on salt and government monopoly over its production was considered the most oppressive forms of British rule.


3. Unwillingness to negotiate resulted in Gandhiji launching the Salt Satyagraha. The march began from Sabarmati to the Gujarati coastal town of Dandi. Thousands came to hear wherever he stopped and urged them to peacefully defy the British. The breaking of the salt law (by manufacturing salt from seawater) triggered widespread defiance of colonial laws across the country and therefore proved to be an effective tool of resistance.


NOTE – The Civil Disobedience Campaign began with the famous Salt March that took place in March 1930. Gandhiji along with his volunteers marched for 24 days from the Sabarmati Ashram to the coastal town of Dandi in Gujarat. On reaching there, Gandhiji ceremonially violated the law by boiling the sea water and thereby manufacturing salt.


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