How did the prevalence of ‘one-party dominance system’ adversely affect the democratic nature of India in politics?
The prevalence of one party dominance system did not affect adversely
the democratic nature of Indian politics because:
I. The key role of Congress in the freedom struggle gave it a head start. The congress was already a very well organized party and by the time other parties could think of a strategy the congress had already begun with its campaign.
II. The Congress accommodated diversified interests, religion, beliefs and aspirations to strengthen democracy.
III. Despite being taken place of free and fair elections, Congress won elections in the same manner again and again.
IV. Congress party consisted of various factions inside itself, based on ideological considerations who never taught together or went out of Congress. V. Hence, on the basis of above mentioned criterion, it can be concluded that Congress strengthened ideals of democracy and held unity and integrity of the
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The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste, upper middle class, and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement, it launched, its social base widened.
(a) What is meant by a pressure group?
(b) Explain the reason for the Congress to be transformed into a rainbow-like social coalition by the time of Independence.
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