Q. 355.0( 4 Votes )

How did the

Answer :

1. The Civil Disobedience Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in March 1930. He began the movement by breaking the salt law and manufacturing salt. Simultaneously, thousands of people demonstrated in front of the government and broke colonial laws.

2. As the British government was worried by the developments of the Civil Disobedience Movement, it responded with repressive measures. The government began arresting Congress leaders one by one.

3. As the Congress leaders were arrested, violent clashes took place. For example – When Abdul Ghaffar Khan, a devout disciple of Gandhiji was arrested in April 1930, angry crowds demonstrated in Peshawar, facing armoured cars and police firing, killing many.

4. When Mahatma Gandhi was arrested by the British government, industrial workers in Sholapur attacked police posts, municipal buildings, law courts and railway stations – all structures that symbolized British Rule.

5. The colonial government further responded with a repressive policy by attacking peaceful satyagrahis. Women and children were beaten up and about 100,000 people were arrested.

NOTE - The Civil Disobedience was launched to bring together people of different classes under the united banner of freedom’s struggle. The violence that broke out after the launch of the Civil Disobedience Movement was responsible for Mahatma Gandhi calling of the movement. Thereafter, Gandhiji entered into a pact with Irwin and the government agreed to release the political prisoners.

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