The Civil Disobedience Movement came into force in various parts of the country in various ways.
1. The Salt March started by Gandhiji from Sabarmati ashram to the coast of Dandi marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement. Thousands of people in different parts of the country broke the salt law, manufactured salt and demonstrated in front of government salt factories.
2. As the Congress leaders were arrested, in regions such as Peshawar, violent clashes took place, killing many. In Sholapur, law courts and railway stations – all structures that symbolized British power.
3. The peasant communities – Patidars of Gujarat and Jats of Uttar Pradesh were active in the movement. Hard hit by trade depression and falling prices, they participated in boycott programmes and organized their communities.
4. The poor peasantry in different places joined a variety of radical movements, often led by socialists and communists. The business classes also supported the movement by giving financial assistance and refused to trade in imported goods.
5. The industrial working classes in the Nagpur region participated in the boycott programmes and there were strikes by railway workers and dockworkers in 1930 and 1932 respectively. Thousands of workers in chotanagpur tin mines also supported the movement by joining protest rallies and boycott campaigns.
NOTE – The Civil Disobedience Movement was launched after Lord Irwin refused to accept the demands stated in Mahatma Gandhi’s letter. The demands were wide-ranging so that all classes within Indian society could identify with them and everyone could be brought together in a united campaign.
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