Answer :

The Britishers had greatly helped in improving the transport and communications. A few points to support this are mentioned below:

1. In 1853, Marx had predicted that railways would be the forerunner of the modern industry. Railways were set up for two main reasons - transfer of goods from one place to another, and for military purpose. Prior to this, transportation in India was very costly, unreliable and costly. the British power and the Government of India realised that it is important to set up railways to have a cheaper and easier transfer of goods and people. The first railway line was from Bombay to Thane in 1853.


2. Before the Britishers, the road network was in a terrible condition. The East India Company preferred the development of railways as compared to the roads, as it was felt that the former is more profitable. After the First World war, it was realised that developing roads is important. But this was mainly due to the military transfer from one place to another. After the Second World War, serious efforts were put into this matter. Roads were constructed in four basis- national highway, state highway, major district roads and village roads.


3. The Electrical telegraph system was introduced in India in 1852. The first telegraph system line was set up between Calcutta to Agra in 1854. It covered a distance of 1800 miles. People could easily transfer messages from one place to another.


4. In 1854, a new Post office Act was introduced. A postal department was set up in every state. It helped the government to earn revenues.


5. Public Work Department : A public work department was set up. It has set up many bridges, canals, road etc. Many roads were renovated and the new one was constructed. Many skilled engineers were brought from England to supervise this work.


6. The Harbours of Bombay, Madras and Calcutta were set up along with many lighthouses.


Thus, the Britishers had greatly helped in uniting India by bringing everyone closer to each other with the help of transport and communication development.


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