Q. 27

How did people be

Answer :

A diversified country like India developed a sense of collective belonging in those times through various cultural means and struggles.

1. By identifying nation through the symbol of Bharat Mata created a sense of national belonging in the hearts of Indians.

2. The hymn ‘Vande Mataram’ written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay turned as a tribute to the motherland.

3. The Nationalists developed a sense of collective belonging amongst the people by reminding the people about their rich culture and history of our country.

4. A tricolor flag was designed during the Swadeshi movement in Bengal.

5.Icons, folkfore and songs helped in unifying people and inspiring in them a feeling of nationalism.


For Plantation workers Swaraj meant the right to move freely in and out of the confined spaces and the freedom to visit their native places. As per the Inland Emigration Act of 1859 plantation workers were not permitted to leave the tea gardens without permission. In reality, they were rarely given such permission. As soon as they heard about Non Cooperation movement thousands of workers revolted against it and left the plantations heading towards their home. They believed in Gandhi’s vision of free India and removal of British Raj but destiny had something else in store for them as they never reached their destination. All the workers were stranded on the way by a railway and steamer strike; they were caught by the police and brutally beaten up.

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