Q. 44.1( 342 Votes )
How did Abdul Kalam earn his 'first wages'?
During the Second World War, the newspapers were bundled and thrown out of a moving train. Abdul Kalam helped his cousin Samsuddin in catching these bundles and in this way he was successful in earning his “first wage”.
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Study the words in italics in the sentences below. They are formed prefixing un-or in-to their antonyms (words opposite in meaning).
(i) I was a short boy with rather undistinguished looks. (un + distinguished)
(ii) My austere father used to avoid all inessential comforts. (in + essential)
(iii) The area was completely unaffected by the war. (un + affected)
(iv) He should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance. (in + equality, in + tolerance)
Now form the opposites of the words below by prefixing -un or -in. The prefix in- can also have the forms il-, ir-, or im- (for example: illiterate-il+literate, impractical- im+practical, irratational -ir+rational). You may consult a dictionary if you wish.
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Discuss these questions in class with your teacher and then write down your answer in two or three paragraphs each.
(i) Why did Abdul Kalam want to leave Rameswaram ?
(ii) What did his father say to this?
(iii) What do you think his words mean? Why do you think he spoke those words?NCERT English - Beehive
Rewrite the sentences below, changing the verbs in brackets into the passive form.
(i) In yesterday's competition, the prizes (give away) by the Principal.
(ii) In spite of financial difficulties, the labourers (pay) on time.
(iii) On Republic Day, vehicles (not allow) beyond this point.
(iv) Second-hand books (buy and sell) on the pavement every Saturday.
(v) Elections to the Lok Sabha (hold) every five years.
(vi) Our National Anthem (compose) Rabindranath Tagore.NCERT English - Beehive
Find the sentences in the text where these words occur:
Erupt Surge Trace Undistinguished Casualty
Look these words up in a dictionary which gives examples of how they are used. Now Answer the questions below:
1. What are the things that can erupt? Use examples to explain the various meanings of erupt. Now do the same for the word surge. What things can surge?
2. What are the meanings of the word trace and which of the meanings is closest to the word in the text?
3. Can you find the word undistinguished in your dictionary? (If not, look up the word distinguished and say what undistinguished means.)NCERT English - Beehive
Find Dhanuskodi and Rameswaram on the map. What language (s) do you think are spoken there? What language do you think the author, his family, his friends and his teachers spoke with one another?
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Where was Abdul Kalam's house?NCERT English - Beehive
Match the phrases in Column-A with their meanings in Column-B.
Who were Abdul Kalam's school friends? What did they later become?NCERT English - Beehive
What characteristics does he say, he inherited from his parents?NCERT English - Beehive
What do you think Dinamani is the name of? Give a reason for your answer.NCERT English - Beehive