A political party is a group of people with same ideologies who are organized to acquire and exercise political power. There are mainly two types of national parties- Regional party and a national party. A regional party has a limited area of operation within a particular region or state. A national party has a wider area of operation extending over to the entire country.
1. The Election Commission of India has laid down certain criteria of the proportion of votes and seats that a party must secure to be called a state or a national party.
2. A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a state and wins at least two seats is called a state party. For example, the Janata Party.
3. A party that secures at least six percent of the total votes in the Lok Sabha elections or assembly elections in four states and wins at least four seats in the Lok Sabha is called a national party. For example, Congress.
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