The significant variations observed in the patterns of
urbanization during the nineteenth century in India are:
1. The growth of the cities was closely monitored through a system of headcount done regularly.
2. By the mid 19th century the local census was carried out in many regions.
3. The first attempt to draw an all India census was in 1872.
4. From the year 1881 census has been conducted regularly every 10 years in India.
5. In the 18th century, the process of urbanization in India was slow.
6. From the 19th Century to the 20th century the proportion of the urban people to the total population in India was very low and remain stagnant.
7. The cities of Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta grew rapidly and became prominent cities of importance.
8. They became a commercial hub and administrative Centre.
9. They also became important points for the export of Indian manufacturers such as cotton Textiles.
10. After the industrial revolution, the cities became the entry point for the British manufactured goods and the export of Indian raw material to British.
11. The Britishers introduced Railways in 1853 in India.
12. Every railway station became a point of collection for raw material and distribution point for imported goods.
13. Many Railway stations such as Bareilly and Jamalpur developed.
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