Highlight the ideology of Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
The Bharatiya Jana Sangh was formed in 1951 with Shyama Prasad Mukherjee as its founder-President. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh was different from other parties in terms of ideology and programmes. The BJS was ideologically close to Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and derived most of its political activist base and candidates from the RSS ranks. It emphasised the idea of one country, one culture and one nation. The Jana Sangh believed that the country could become modern, progressive and strong on the basis of Indian culture and traditions. It was opposed to the granting of concession to religious and cultural minorities. The party called for a reunion of India and Pakistan in Akhand Bharat. The party was in forefront of the agitation to replace English with Hindi as the official language of India.
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The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste, upper middle class, and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement, it launched, its social base widened.
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