Highlight the circumstances that compelled the socialists to form a separate socialist party in 1948.
In 1948, the Congress Party amended its Constitution to prevent its members from having a dual party membership. This forced the socialists to form a separate party.
I. They criticised the Congress for favouring capitalists and landlords.
II. For ignoring the workers and the peasants.
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Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste, upper middle class, and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement, it launched, its social base widened.
(a) What is meant by a pressure group?
(b) Explain the reason for the Congress to be transformed into a rainbow-like social coalition by the time of Independence.
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