Answer :

Two serious adverse environmental consequences of development in India are:

Air pollution – setting up of thermal and industrial plants in India has paved way for development but pollution caused by these industries and the vehicles in the country is increasing at an alarming rate which affects health of the people adversely.

Deforestation- to meet the growing demands of the huge population, many forests are removed to create more land for residential and agricultural purposes. The wood and other raw materials obtained from deforestation are used by industries as raw materials for production of goods.

It is true that India’s environmental problems are both due to poverty and affluence living standards. For example: deforestation results from both poverty, as people need land and wood to cultivate and maintain a basic livelihood, and affluent living standards, as these natural raw materials are used to carry out production activities. India needs to find alternative efficient resources to develop the nation without depleting its natural resources.

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