Q. 275.0( 1 Vote )

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Answer :

The three provisions of Article 370 which provide special

status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir are:


1. A special status was given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370.


2. The state had its own Constitution.


3. This granted it a greater autonomy as compared to other states.


4. The provisions of the Indian Constitution did not apply to this state.


5. The laws passed by the Parliament applied to the state only if it agrees.


The two opposite reactions provoked by this special status among the people were:


1. A section of people said that Article 370 did not allow for full integration of the State.


2. Kashmiris asked for more autonomy in matters of greater state democracy and institutionalization of democracy.


OR


The three developments towards the end of the 1980s that were to make a long-lasting impact on the politics of India were:


1. The Mandal issue began with the National Front Government's decision to implement the recommendations of Mandal Commission that the jobs in the Central Government should be reserved for OBCs. This led to violent anti-Mandal protests in the country.


2. The defeat of the Congress party in the elections of 1989 marked the end of Congress dominance. It won only 197 seats in the Lok Sabha Elections.


3. The government had adopted the new economic policy in 1991. It was earlier started by Rajiv Gandhi but its effects were visible only 1991. It changed the direction of the Indian economy that was being pursued since 1947.


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